Cattle feed pellet is an all-in-one pellet form feed made by feed pellet mill through great pressure. Melon seed (egusi) is a popular food crop in Nigeria and other African countries that comes with lots of health benefits which are vital for children, young and old, men and women. oilseed and biofuel. The closely related watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb)) was domesticated in Ancient Egypt, and may have been developed for edible seed from cultivated colocynth. [5], The roots are large, fleshy, and perennial, leading to a high survival rate due to the long tap root. Add more manure or organic compost to the soil when seedlings are fully established, and they will flourish. Before preparing the egusi soup, the seeds are sun-dried and ground plain or roasted/fried before being ground. They also reduce the nutritional benefits of the plant and produce toxic metabolites and aflatoxins. AGRO-HUB COOP LTD, The No. When you want to harvest, you just need to cut the heads from the crawling stem. [13] In premodern European medicine, it was an ingredient in the electuary called confectio hamech, or diacatholicon, and other laxative pills.

This is attributed to its rich constituent of phytochemicals such as flavonoids.

Eyewitness? To fight poverty, hunger and starvation, by encouraging more Nigerians to engage in the business of food production. Other components of melon seeds include palmitic, stearic, linoleic and oleic acids which are essential in protecting the heart. The vine-like stems spread in all directions for a few meters looking for something over which to climb. The Hausa people call it miyan gushi; the Yoruba tribe calls it efo elegusi, while the Igbo people call it ofe egusi. The oil is a useful component which can be extracted and used for soap making. Some of the plants that can be intercropped with egusi include cassava, yam and maize. Can these melons be grown in Texas? Egusi do not do well in open and flat fields. However, the melon vine is a climbing plant so you might need to plant in small quantities when … [9] 78 % of the fat is unsaturated fatty acid, which is protective to the heart. Each has a subcampanulated five-lobed corolla and a five-parted calyx. These trees can serve as support for the climbing tendrils. On the island of Cyprus, it is cultivated on a small scale; it has been an income source since the 14th century and is still exported today. Typical other vegetables include tomatoes and okra. In terms of vitamins, it contains alpha-tocopherol, a component of vitamin E. The plant is expected to sprout within 1 week.

hi This is done by blending the seeds with honey and water. Plant three to four egusi seeds per hole at a depth of 2 inches, with each planting 18 inches apart. However, the process of extracting the seeds from the gourds can be quite uncomfortable due to rotten smell pf the gourd. National Agricultural Research Institutes, Experts mull Africa’s adoption of Chinese import substitution model, COVID-19: Why Nigerians should avoid imported frozen foods now, Buhari restates directive to CBN not to support food, fertilizer importation, ‘Ban egg powder importation to save $1bn, poultry sector’, melon can be used to supplement baby food in the absence of breast milk, Nigeria Produces 75 % Of seeds In West Africa, How To Start Rice Farming Business In Nigeria Or Africa (Step By Step), How to Use Beneficial Insects Against Unwanted Insects In Your Garden, Investing In Poultry Value Chain Business, How to access N50bn COVID-19 intervention fund – CBN, How To Start Palm Tree Plantation (Step by Step), How To Start An Organic Fertilizer Production, Anambra Community Appeals For Release Of Airport Land For Agricultural Activities, Almost 60% of people worried about food safety, Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health unveils vaccine to protect poultry from three diseases, Bell aircrafts help safeguard food and agriculture amid historic locust infestation, C&C Ag Solutions unveils Mutiny Crop Performance, ‘Kogi Govt Determined To Make Agriculture Driver Of State’s Economy’. Nice Article, Egusi farm is very lucrative that Nigeria youths should be farming but unfortunately most young boys are on the street seeking for white collar job. However, the process of extracting the seeds from the gourds can be quite uncomfortable due to rotten smell pf the gourd.

You can plant egusi seeds in Nigeria in August, after harvest of other fruits and vegetables is nearly complete. [2], Species from which egusi is derived include Cucumeropsis mannii and Citrullus lanatus.[3]. Egusi is very high in nutritional value. These attacks tend to reduce the seed germination and increased seed discoloration. They have five stamens, four of which are coupled and one is single with monadelphous anther. It takes about 6 months for the plant to mature. Once the stems are dry, you can harvest your watermelons. Provide support for egusi vines by staking and tying, or setting up trellises. Coarsely ground up, they thicken stews and contribute to widely enjoyed steamed dumplings. Unsaturated fatty acid makes up about 78% of the oil. Families in Cameroon can eat the crop year-round and it is in high demand from countries in the Central African sub-region and Nigeria. [5][20], Oleic and linoleic acids isolated from C. colocynthis petroleum ether extracts show larvicidal activity against mosquitoes. [19], The oil obtained from the seeds (47%) can be used for soap production. That is, the stem climbs on any other plant around or crawl on the ground.

Thank you for your egusi facts. Also, you can increase your agricultural output by planting your melon with other crops. Also commonly used are beef, goat, fish, shrimps, or crayfish. Kachhawah et al., (2016) investigated the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of melon fruits against anti-arthritic activity. "Sabi"   clique, By clicking again you agree to our Usually, 1kg of melon seeds can produce between 450kg to 2 tonnes. The Hausa people call it miyan gushi; the Yoruba tribe calls it efo elegusi, while the Igbo people call it ofe egusi. The oil is cholesterol free. Due to the presence of dietary fibre and vitamin B1 (Thiamine) in egusi melon, it is useful for digestion of food. At the time of harvest the fruit turns from the green to white or yellowish-white. After preparing the land, ridges are created and the dried shelled seeds are planted in these ridges. The extent of your harvest is usually dependent on much you’ve planted. The good part about the oil is it is cholesterol free. melon export now. The male flowers’ calyx is shorter than the corolla. I dont believe its safe to give babies honey though. The egusi can also be an important supplementary baby food, helping prevent malnutrition. Yoruba people in general and quite notably the people of Ọṣun State – especially the Ijesha people – eat "iyan and egusi", a pounded yam and egusi soup. The spacing between seeds should be between 18 to 20 inches. It is best to plant the seeds in a place sheltered with trees.

Generally, melons do not thrive on open flat fields. They are eaten whole or used as an oilseed.

However, this is a very smelly process so you might need to do it far away from home especially if your farm is close to your home. Melon isn’t just the constituent of a tasty soup; it is also very rich in protein and vitamins and it is something you can plant. It is very essential in protecting the heart and preventing cardiovascular diseases. The spacing between seeds should be between 18 to 20 inches. Melon contains anti-inflammatory properties that help treat infections and injury. If present, shrubs and herbs are preferred and climbed by means of auxiliary branching tendrils.[4]. In a good area (fertile land), one stem of melon can shoot out 5 to 15 heads therefore needing enough space to do well. The enigmatic early Egyptian ceramic Clayton rings found in the Western Desert may have been portable ovens for roasting colocynth seeds.
Unsaturated fatty acid makes up about 78% of the oil. The seeds can also be fermented and used for making a local spice known as ogiri. Usually, 1kg of melon seeds can produce between 450kg to 2 tonnes. Egusi is a term in West African given to the seeds of plants like melons, squash, and gourds that, when dried and ground become a staple ingredient in several West African Cuisine.. A common food plant eaten mainly by Africans to balance starchy food such as fufu, eba, akpu, pounded yam etc.

Cultivated colocynth suffers of climatic stress and diseases such as cucumber mosaic virus, melon mosaic virus, Fusarium wilt, etc. It is very essential in protecting the heart and preventing cardiovascular diseases. Thanks in anticipation for your reply. Your email address will not be published. As a result, it can be used for treating rheumatoid arthritis, which is an autoimmune disease symptomized by chronic inflammation of the joints, stiffness, swelling, pain and redness in the joints.


[5] The production is not very time- and energy-consuming due to the ability of colocynth to grow on poor soils with just a little moisture and organic fertilizer. If you are starting small to plant 500 stands, you will be harvesting about (500 x10 = 5,000) heads. [6] Egusi is a good herbal cure for cancer and is best for curing breast cancer. i wish to know more about your activites concerning equsi; The extent of your harvest is usually dependent on much you’ve planted. Egusi grows very well in arid climate. The alpha-tocopherol found in melon seed is a component of vitamin E that helps in maintaining smooth young skin and improves fertility. It is an annual or a perennial plant (in wild) in Indian arid zones and has a great survival rate under extreme xeric conditions. It is extremely resilient to pests and diseases and because it blankets the ground as it grows, it can help suppress weeds. and helps to boost appetite due to its constituent of vitamin B1. This can be given to the child as an alternative feeding formula. Choose a site for planting egusi that will be sheltered, such as the margin of a garden, in between other plantings or near the edge of woods. Once it is broken down into a fine, loose mix, the soil is ready for planting. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In the Indian arid zone, growth takes place between January and October, but the most favorable period for the vegetative growth is during summer, which coincides with the rainy season.


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