[19] By 1972, Ford redesigned the hatch itself, with the glass portion of the hatch enlarged to almost the entire size of the hatch itself, ultimately to be supplemented for 1977–1980 with an optional rear hatch that was entirely glass. In a later interview, the NHTSA engineer was asked why the NHTSA forced a Pinto recall for failing a 35 mph test given that most small cars of the time would not have passed. [84][117] The jury awarded $127.8 million in total damages; $125 million in punitive damages and $2,841,000 in compensatory damages to passenger Richard Grimshaw and $665,000 in compensatory damages to the family of the deceased driver, Lily Gray. [87], The public understanding of the cost–benefit analysis has contributed to the mythology of the Ford Pinto case. [24][25][26] On March 29, 1971, Ford recalled all 220,000 Pintos manufactured before March 19, 1971, to address a problem with fuel vapors in the engine air filter possibly igniting by a backfire through the carburetor. The first federal standard for automotive fuel system safety, passed in 1967, known as Section 301 in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, initially only considered front impacts. 544,209 units sold; 1974 became the most popular model year for the Pinto. It was introduced as a sedan version of the very successful Ford Fiesta. Runabouts offered an optional all glass rear hatch for the first time. Throughout all the model years Bobcats were given various appearance options similar to the Pinto's. The Ford Pinto is a subcompact car that was manufactured and marketed by Ford Motor Company in North America, sold from the 1971 to the 1980 model years. The placement of the car's fuel tank was the result of both conservative industry practice of the time as well the uncertain regulatory environment during the development and early sales periods of the car. [14] Iacocca ordered a rush project to build the car, and the Pinto became known internally as "Lee's car". Updated: 16 January 2015 We found 1 answers for the crossword clue Former Ford subcompact.. [132] In 1980 Ford was found not guilty. Sales of the Mercury Bobcat were expanded to Lincoln-Mercury dealers in the United States; it was sold as a hatchback and station wagon. Sign In or Register to post a help request or respond to an existing request. Implying the car was average for all cars and slightly above average for its class. [139] When considering the overall safety of the Pinto, Schwartz notes that subcompact cars as a class have a generally higher fatality risk. [112] The two most significant cases were Grimshaw v. Ford Motor Company and State of Indiana v. Ford Motor Company. [27][28][29], On February 24, 1972,[19] the Pinto station wagon debuted with an overall length of 172.7 in (4,390 mm) and 60.5 cubic feet (1.71 m3) of cargo volume.

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